Tag Archives: Brighton Works

Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era – The LBSCR E6 0-6-2T

Taken from the ‘Mercian’ Magazine

The LBSCR E6 0-6-2T – by Casey Jones


The Class E6 goods tank locomotives of the London Brighton & South Coast Railway share with their sister class the E5s the distinction of being the only ex-Brighton engines to have remained in substantially their original condition throughout the Southern Railway and British Railways’ regimes.

The E6s numbered twelve locos only, numbered 407-18, and were the last class to be designed by Mr. Robert Billington.  He did not live to see the first emerge from Brighton Works for he died shortly before number 407 was completed in 1904.

These locomotives are considered by many to be identical to the E5 passenger version, but this is not so.  In addition to smaller driving wheels the E6s have a slightly greater overall length, higher axle loading, outside brake rods, underslung steamchest and a tapered chimney similar to that fitted to the B4 Class 4-4-0.


Billington had in mind an eight-coupled tank engine for shunting work, and certain parts for these had already been manufactured before the project was scrapped.  The last two E6s were fitted with heavier coupling rods of ‘H’ section originally intended for this project and thus differed from the others in the class in this respect.

As built the first eight were named and these finally ended the chapter of the naming policy which was for so many years a part of the Brighton Company.


Names were:

407 – 10,  Worplesdon,  Binderton,  Graffham,  Chilworth.

411 – 14,  Blackheath,  Tandridge,  Fenchurch,  Piccadilly.

415 – 18,  were not named.


Dimensions were:

DW – 4’ 6”,  Cyls. 18 x 26 ins.  THS 1211 square feet,  Grate  19.32 square feet

Pressure,  160 lbs. per sq.in.  TE 21200 lbs.  Weight  61 tons.


In 1911 numbers 407/11 were rebuilt with 5’ diameter boilers by Earl Marsh.  This raised the pressure to 170 lbs. and the weight by 2 tons.  The rebuilds were classified E6x and with their large boilers and extended smoke boxes coupled with small wheels they looked very top heavy.  The class has spent most of its life working from Norwood Junction and Stewarts Lane Depots, being chiefly employed on the Deptford Wharf branch or the Norwood to Waddon Marsh heavy coal trains.

The first one was withdrawn in 1957 and the rest have since followed to the scrap heap.


Steam locomotive Classes of a Leisurely Era

Steam locomotives of a Leisurely Era

The London, Brighton & South Coast Railway Billinton 0-4-4T

By Casey JonesPicture by Mike Morant

Between the years 1892 and 1896 Brighton Works produced a series of 36 tank locomotives to he design of Mr. Billinton, the Chief Mechanical Engineer, for working the London to Tunbridge Wells and similar mid-Sussex traffic.

These locomotives were very well proportioned in the usual Brighton manner and were numbered 363 to 398.  Building dates were: 363-72 in 1892, 373-384 in 1893, 385-392 in 1894 and 393-8 in 1896.

Dimensions were:

Cylinders  18” x 26”,  Driving Wheels  5’ 6”.  Pressure  170 lbs per sq in.,

Grate area  17.4 sq ft,  Total heating surface 1204 sq ft.

Weight 48 tons 9 cwt.,  with a tractive effort of 17,430 lbs.

Until the coming of the larger types, this class were designated as express passenger locomotives and as such handled most of this traffic out of London, particularly the early morning and late evening trains fro the then City traffic.  When displaced from these services they were employed on the motor services operating in both Kent and Sussex.

The class were all named and these were painted in large letters on the side tanks.

All the named Brighton engines which survived into the Southern Railway Group in 1923 had their names painted out and not restored as the locomotives went through Shops in the course of routine overhaul.

The Southern Railway renumbered the class 2363 – 2398 and they were known as Class D3.  The Southern found them a most useful engine and put them to work on part of the old South Western section.  However the main body still remained in the Brighton section.

In 1909 numbers 396/7 were re-boilered with the ‘12’ 4-4-2T type boiler which gave them a somewhat top-heavy look.  The larger boiler had a total heating surface of 1100sq ft. and the weight of the locomotive was increased to 53 tons.  The experiment was not repeated on any other of the class.

In later years they became the backbone of the many push-pull services operated by the Southern Railway and this work was their lot for a considerable number of years.  All but seven were taken into British Railways stock, but with the coming of the lighter standard designs they soon succumbed to the scrap yard.  All were taken out of traffic between 1949 and 1955 when old 390 made her last run after 61 years service.  The two rebuilds were scrapped in 1937 and 1948.Photo – C.R.Phillips, Model Railway Kit Construction and Model Painting – crphillips-models.co.uk

By coincidence, this model is of the same locomotive, ‘Goldsmid’, which is portrayed on the badge which has recently been put on display in the Chasewater Railway Museum.

Stock List – 1968

With so many new additions, it was decided to publish a stocklist in the 1968 Mercian, Vol.1 No.3

I hope you can read it ok, it’s interesting to see what’s still here after 40-odd years, and what’s gone.