Steam Locomotives of a More Leisurely Era 1897 4-Cylinder 4-4-0 Glasgow & South Western Railway

Steam Locomotives of a More Leisurely Era

1897 4-Cylinder 4-4-0

Glasgow & South Western Railway

The engine as first built

1897 was the year in which 4-cylinder locomotives first appeared in this country (apart from articulated engines such as the Festiniog ‘Fairlies’), and three railways introduced them almost simultaneously, the Glasgow & South Western, the London & North Western and the London & South Western.  The G&SWR engine built by James Manson was first in the field; it employed simple propulsion through the four cylinders which were situated in line with the smokebox.  The inside cylinders had a common steam chest between them, the valves being worked by Stephenson’s link motion, which through rocking shafts also operated the valves of the outside cylinders.  The engine ran in this form until 1923, when Whitelegg rebuilt it with piston valves and a very large boiler.  Originally No.11, it had been renumbered 394 in 1919 and on rebuilding it acquired the name ‘Lord Glenarthur’, the only G&SWR engine to do so.  It became LMS No.14509 and was scrapped in 1934.

As built – Driving wheels – 6’ 9½”,  Bogie wheels – 3’ 7½”,  Cylinders – (2) 14½”x 26” inside,  (2) 12½”x 24” outside,  Pressure – 165 lb.

As rebuilt – Driving wheels – 6’ 9½”,  Bogie wheels – 3’ 7½”,  Cylinders – (2) 14”x 26” inside,  (2) 14”x 24” outside,  Pressure – 180 lb.,  Tractive effort – 18390 lb.,  Weight  61 tons 9 cwt.

The engine as finally running

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