Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era
1889 – 2-4-2T Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway
The L & YR was a very large user of this type; between 1889 when they first appeared, and 1911, when the last batch came out, there were 330 of them. The general design was similar throughout the period, but underwent some enlargement as time went on. The first had round-topped fireboxes, whilst the last twenty built in 1911 had Belpaire fireboxes and superheaters. The bunker was also enlarged in the later engines. Many of the earlier ones subsequently received Belpaire fireboxes, some with superheaters also, and some without. Six of the engines carried for a time an apparatus known as a thermal storage tank, an elaborate form of feed water heater, which was mounted on top of the boiler, with disastrous results to the engines’ appearance. It was apparently not a success, however, and was eventually removed. All of the engines were fitted with a special type of water pick-up apparatus which could operate in both directions, as it was frequently necessary to take up water when running bunker first.
These remarkable engines did a tremendous amount of hard work with heavy trains over the steeply graded lines on the L & Y. Their duties were by no means confined to local services; they were regularly used as express engines on main line trains, along with much larger types of tender engines.
All of the engines came into the hands of the LMS at the grouping, including one which had been sold to the Wirral Railway in 1921, but a curiosity of renumbering was that whereas the whole class was allocated Nos.10621 to 10950 in the LMS list, the Wirral engine did not become 10638 as it should have done, as its rightful place in order, but was numbered 6762 along with the other odd assortment of engines obtained from the Wirral, the number 10638 remaining blank. On being superheated four engines numbered in the 10800s became 10951-4, but although further engines also later received superheaters they were not renumbered.
At Nationalisation in 1948, 123 of the class passed into BR hands, and most of these survived to have 40000 added to their numbers. A small handful was still in existence in 1959, and the original engine, No.1008, has been restored to its L & Y livery for preservation.
Non-superheated engines – Driving wheels – 5’ 8”, Cylinders – 17½”x 26” and 18”x 26”, Pressure – 160 lb, (190 lb. Belpaire engines), Tractive effort – 16848 – 19416 lb., Weight – 56 tons (59 tons with extended bunkers), L & Y Classification – 5, LMS & BR Classification – 2P
Superheated engines – Driving wheels – 5’ 8”, Cylinders – 19½”x 26” and 26½”x 26”, Pressure – 180 lb., Tractive effort – 22445-24585 lb., Weight – 66½ tons , L & Y Classification – 6, LMS & BR Classification – 3P