Daily Archives: February 17, 2012

Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era 1880 Whiteleggs 4-4-2T London Tilbury & Southend Railway

Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era

1880  Whiteleggs 4-4-2T 

London Tilbury & Southend  Railway

No. 32 in early days.

From1880 onwards the outside-cylindered 4-4-2T was the standard type for the heavy outer suburban traffic of the LTSR, successive designs being produced over this period by T.Whitelegg until 1910 and thereafter by his son, R.H.Whitelegg.

The Midland Railway absorbed the LTSR in 1912, but although it placed the imprint of Derby on all the locomotives by removing the names which they had hitherto carried, and effecting other sundry minor alterations, the class continued to hold undisputed sway on the line, and was even perpetuated by the LMS, who constructed 35 further engines between 1923 and 1930.

There were, broadly speaking, three main varieties.  The first lot, the smallest, consisted of 48 engines built between 1880 and 1898, these were Nos. 1 to 48 in the LTSR list.  An enlarged version, the ‘intermediates’, appeared in 1900, Nos. 51-68.  Between 1905 and 1911 the last twelve engines of the original class, Nos. 37-48, were rebuilt with much larger boilers, and as such constituted the basis of the final enlarged version, of which four new engines, Nos. 79-82, were turned out in 1909.

When taken over by the Midland in 1912, all lost their green livery and names, and became MR Nos.2110-79.  When the new LMS engines appeared in 1923 they took some of these numbers and thereafter a certain amount of somewhat confusing renumbering took place.  Briefly, the small class finished up as 2056-91, and all were withdrawn between 1929 and 1936.  The ‘intermediate’ class became 2092-2109 and three of them lasted to become BR Nos.41922, 41923 and 41925, but all of them had gone by 1953.

The largest class were finally 41953-64 (the earlier LTSR built engines), and 41928-52, and 41969-78, the LMS ones, which had been originally 2110-34 and 2151-60.   Four of these still remained in service in 1959.  No.80 Thundersley has been preserved in its old LTSR colours.

LTSR Thundersley No. 80 4-4-2T

 It was restored in Norfolk by the celebrated Bill Harvey (Locomotive Shed Master at Norwich) assisted by members of the Norfolk Railway Society.  © Copyright Ashley Dace and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

Sundry modifications appeared amongst the LTSR engines at various times.  The earliest of the small class originally had stove-pipe chimneys, and four were fitted with condensing apparatus.  In later years some of them acquired extended smokeboxes, as did most of the intermediate ones and all of the larger ones, the later also being superheated.

The LTSR, being a Westinghouse line, all engines necessarily had this brake, but many were dual-fitted for working other companies’ stock over its lines.


Small – Driving wheels – 6’ 1”,  Cylinders – 17”x 26”,  Weight – 63 tons,  LMS classification – 1P

Intermediate – Driving wheels – 6’ 6”,  Cylinders – 19”x 26”,  Pressure – 170 lb.,  Weight – 67 tons 16 cwt,  LMS classification – 2P,  BR classification – 2P

Large – Driving wheels – 6’ 6”,  Cylinders – 19”x 26”,  Pressure – 170 lb.,  Tractive effort – 17390 lb.,  Weight – 71 tons 10 cwt,  LMS classification – 3P,  BR classification – 3P

No. 2118, as built by the LMS in 1923.