Daily Archives: January 25, 2012

Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era 1875 – Johnson – 0-6-0 Midland Railway

Steam Locos of a Leisurely Era

1875 – Johnson – 0-6-0

 Midland Railway

No.58246 (formerly 3175) as running in 1948, when first renumbered by BR in LMS style.  To a great extent still in its original condition, it was the last of its class to carry the old Johnson-type boiler, which it did until scrapped in 1959.

S.W Johnson. Chief Mechanical Engineer from 1873 to 1903, who designed some of the most beautiful engines ever built

S.W.Johnson’s standard freight engine for the Midland Railway, of which the first 140 were turned out in the space of three years, from 1875 to 1877.  The class was thereupon multiplied at intervals until 1902, when a total of 865 engines had appeared plus a further 25 built for the Somerset & Dorset Railway, and another sixteen for the Midland & Great Northern Joint.  They were not all quite identical as some of the earlier ones had 4’ 10” driving wheels in place of the late standard size of 5’ 3”, and cylinder dimensions, etc., were slightly increased as time went on.  The basic design with modifications was continued from 1903 under Deeley’s superintendency, the main difference being the use of a considerably larger Class 3 boiler, and a further seventy were built to this pattern.  Subsequently, about half of the earlier Class 2 engines were rebuilt with these Class 3 boilers, including nearly all of the later built ones.  The middle group eventually became more or less evenly divided, but none of the earliest built ones below 3130 was ever altered to Class 3.  The number of the whole class after 1907 ran from 2900 to 3834, and if one accepts variations and regards them as one class, then this total of 976 engines (including the S&DJR and M&GNJR ones) must take pride of place as the most numerous ever constructed in this country.  Purists, however, might award the claim to the LNWR Dx goods with its total of 943 engines (86 of which were L&YR) as these were to all intents and purposes identical.

No.3333 as running with a Class 3 Belpaire boiler in 1929.

From 1917 onwards most of those remaining Class 2 gradually acquired Belpaire boilers of similar dimensions, with Ramsbottom safety valves, although one or two managed to retain their Johnson type boiler with Salter valves on the dome till the end, in one case as late as 1959.  The more commodious type of Deeley cab was also provided in most cases, but not invariably.

Johnson Class 2 0-6-0 No.1365, a class of which several hundred were built, with a mixed train comprising three Pullman cars.

The Class 3 engines, originally round topped, all later received Belpaire fireboxes, and in these forms there are a number of survivors of both Class 2 and 3 still in service in 1959.  The Class 2 engines include about forty of the original 120 built in 1875-6 and as such constitute by far the oldest engines still in service in any considerable numbers, although there are about half a dozen other miscellaneous engines which antedate them.  The complete class remained intact until 1925, after which they began to be taken out of service, but 197 of Class 2 and 398 of Class 3, survived to be taken into BR stock in 1948, the latter figure including nine engines taken over from the Somerset & Dorset in 1930.

One of the very last jobs (early 1964) of the ex-Midland Railway class 2 0-6-0 goods engine was a Leicester (West Bridge) to Desford goods.  On 7th July 1962, No. 58148 leaves Glenfield Tunnel.  P.H.Wells

In 1934 Nos. 2900-84 became 22900, etc., to make way for new engines, and the same thing happened in 1947 when 3000-18 were similarly renumbered (Nos. 2985-99 were left unaltered).

On becoming BR engines the surviving Class 3 engines had 40000 added to their numbers in the usual way, but the Class 2s were completely renumbered into a new series 58114-58310.

No.58148 arrives at Rately Crossing on 27th July, 1962.  G.D.King


Nos.2900-3019, 3130-89 – Class 2 Boiler

Driving wheels – 4’ 11”,  Cylinders – 18”x 26”,  Pressure – 160 lb.,

Tractive effort – 19420 lb.,  Weight – 40 tons approx.

Nos. 3130-89 – Class 3 Boiler

Driving wheels – 4’ 11”,  Cylinders – 18”x 26”,  Pressure – 175 lb.,

Tractive effort – 21240 lb.,  Weight – 43 tons 17 cwt.

Nos. 3020-3129, 3190-3764 – Class 2 Boiler

Driving wheels – 5’ 3”,  Cylinders – 18”x 26”,  Pressure – 160 lb.,

Tractive effort – 18185 lb.,  Weight – 40 tons approx.

Nos. 3190-3774 – Class 3 Boiler

Driving wheels – 5’ 3”  Cylinders – 18”x 26”,  Pressure – 175 lb.,

Tractive effort – 19890 lb.,  Weight – 43 tons 17 cwt. – BR Classification – 2F.

Nos. 3775-3834 – Class 3 Boiler

Driving wheels – 5’ 3”  Cylinders – 18½”x 26”,  Pressure – 175 lb.,

Tractive effort – 21010 lb.,  Weight – 46 tons 3 cwt. – BR Classification – 3F.

Nos. 2900-3129 originally had 17½”x 26” Cylinders

Some Class 2 engines had a reduced weight of 37tons 12 cwt.